The Simple Features and Functions of a Geothermal Heat Pump

One of the most remarkable things about a geothermal heating and cooling system is that it has almost no moving parts. There’s just that much less that can go haywire– that much less needing maintenance. And that alone makes a huge difference in slashing the overall energy costs of Panama City homeowners who’ve gone geothermal.

 

That said, there are some moving parts in the system. the majority of them are found in its most vital component, too: the geothermal heat pump.

This is the system’s workhorse. Its job is to transfer heat. And it transfers heat either from the ground into your house or from your house into the ground, depending on the weather30. As such, it’s a furnace and an air conditioner combined in one compact package.

How the heat pump transfers heat is with water or an antifreeze solution. This liquid courses through underground loops of pipe that are connected to the above-ground heat pump. During heating season the liquid draws heat from the ground, the heat pump draws the warm liquid up into refrigerant coils, and the heat is then is conveyed throughout a home by means of either a forced air or a hydronic system. During cooling season the process is reversed: the pump draws heat from your home and transfers it underground by way of those same buried loops. Oh, and somewhere in all this, lots of geothermal systems also provide domestic hot water.

The basic differentiator between a geothermal heat pump and a standard furnace is that a heat pump doesn’t set fuel afire to generate heat. Rather, it takes heat that already exists and simply moves it around. That naturally makes it a much more efficient heating and cooling system. Keep this in mind, too: underground temperatures most often hold at around 50º F all year long. The payoff? A geothermal heating and cooling system uses substantially less energy to cool your home than standard air conditioners.

So … is a geothermal system the right way to go for your Panama City home? Talk with this region’s geothermal experts, the helpful gang at Ridge Heating and Air.